M.D. Anatomy or Doctor of Medicine in Anatomy is a Doctorate Anatomy course. The course provides the basic framework and vocabulary used in all descriptions and communications about the body. Anatomy is the specialized branch of medicine that deals with the structure of the human body. Course includes Gross and Regional Anatomy, Osteology, Arthropology, Myology, Systemic Anatomy, Neuroanatomy, Applied and Clinical Anatomy, General & Systemic Embryology, Comparative Embryology, Principles of Genetics, General Histology, Histology of Organs & Structure, Staining Techniques, Outline of Evolution, Comparative Anatomy, Physical Anthropology, Radiological Anatomy, Surface Anatomy, Surface marking of Human Body etc. The duration of the course is two years.
M.D. Physiology or Doctor of Medicine in Physiology is a postgraduate Physiology course. Physiology is the science of the mechanical, physical, and biochemical functions of humans, their organs, and the cells of which they are composed. Course is related to anatomy; anatomy is the study of form, and physiology is the study of function. Due to the frequent connection between form and function, physiology and anatomy are intrinsically linked and are studied in tandem as part of a medical curriculum. The duration of the course is three years and it is job originating in nature which provides many scopes for them after its completion.
M.D. Biochemistry or Doctor of Medicine in Biochemistry is a postgraduate Biochemistry course. Biochemistry is the study of the structure, composition, and chemical reactions of substances in living systems. Biochemistry emerged as a separate discipline when scientists combined biology with organic, inorganic, or physical chemistry and began to study such topics as how living things obtain energy from food, the chemical basis of heredity, and what fundamental changes occur in disease. Biochemistry is applied to medicine, dentistry, and veterinary medicine. In food science, biochemists research ways to develop abundant and inexpensive sources of nutritious foods, determine the chemical composition of foods, and develop methods to extract nutrients from waste products, or invent ways to prolong the shelf life food products. In agriculture, biochemists study the interaction of herbicides with plants. They examine the structure-activity relationships of compounds, determine their ability to inhibit growth, and evaluate the toxicological effects on surrounding life. The duration of the course is three years.
M.D. Pharmacology or Doctor of Medicine in Pharmacology is a postgraduate Pharmacy course. Pharmacology is the branch of medicine and biology concerned with the study of drug action where a drug can be broadly defined as any man-made, natural, or endogenous (within the cell) molecule which exerts a biochemical and or physiological effect on the cell, tissue, organ, or organism. The duration of the course is three years and it is career orienting in nature which opens many jobs for them after its successful completion.
M.D. Pathology or Doctor of Medicine in Pathology is a postgraduate Pathology course. Pathology is the study and diagnosis of disease through examination of organs, tissues, bodily fluids, and whole bodies (autopsies). Areas of study include cellular adaptation to injury, necrosis, and inflammation, wound healing, and neoplasia. Course helps the candidates to be able to perform procedures designated for laboratory detection of diseases. Course deals with effects, development, processes and causes of diseases. Subjects studied under this degree are Pathology, Microbiology, Immunology, Medical Genetics and Neuroscience. The course is very valuable and opens many job opportunities for them after its successful completion.
M.D. Community Medicine or Doctor of Medicine in Community Medicine is a postgraduate Medicine course. Community Medicine is the specialty that deals with the health and disease of a population or of a specified community. The goal is to identify health problems and needs, to identify means by which these needs may be met, and to evaluate the extent to which health services do so. The Course helps to enable a candidate to study critically and manage existing health programs of all levels (local state, national) and suggest alternatives for achieving desired goals and Conduct and guide research in various disciplines of health sciences, health management, health systems research, and operational research. The duration of the course is two or three years but it depends only on the very institutes.
M.D. Microbiology or Doctor of Medicine in Microbiology is a postgraduate Microbiology course. Candidates acquire the knowledge in the sub-specialties of Bacteriology including Mycobacteriology, Virology, Parasitology, Immunology, and Serology & Mycology so as to be able to deal with diagnosis and prevention of infectious diseases in the community. Subjects studied under this degree are general microbiology, human immunology, mycology and bacterial pathogenesis. Course includes general microbiology, human immunology, mycology and bacterial pathogenesis. The duration of the course is three years and it is an important and career orienting in nature that opens many scopes for the candidates after its successful completion.
M.D. Forensic Medicine or Doctor of Medicine in Forensic Medicine is a postgraduate Medicine course. Forensic science is the application of a broad spectrum of sciences to answer questions of interest to a legal system. This may be in relation to a crime or a civil action. The word forensic comes from the Latin adjective forensic, meaning "of or before the forum. Forensic science focuses on application of the scientific principles for crime investigation. Subjects studied under this degree are Forensic Science, Forensic Toxicology, Medical Jurisprudence and legal procedure, Law & Medicine and Autopsy. The duration of the course three years and it is career originating in nature that opens many jobs scopes for them.
M.S. Ophthalmology or Master of Surgery in Ophthalmology is a postgraduate Ophthalmology course. Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine that deals with the anatomy, physiology and diseases of the eye. An ophthalmologist is a specialist in medical and surgical eye problems. Course includes orbital and ocular anatomy, Gross anatomy, Histology, Ocular Physiology, Ocular Pathology, Biochemistry, Microbiology and Immunology with reference to ocular immunology. The course also imparts the opportunities for ophthalmologic research in clinical surgery settings like fine microsurgery, using the operating microscope, and intraocular surgery or vitreoretinal surgery of the eye.
Obstetrics and gynecology(commonly known as OB-GYN, OBG, O & G or obs and gynae) is the medical specialty that deals with obstetrics and gynecology. Postgraduate training programs for both aspects are usually combined, preparing the practicing obstetrician-gynecologist to be adept at the care of female reproductive organs' health and at the management of pregnancy, although many doctors go on to develop subspecialty interests in one field or the other.
M.D. Dermatology or Doctor of Medicine in Dermatology is a postgraduate Dermatology programme. Dermatologists devote their skills and energy to treating medical conditions of the skin, such as acne, rashes, rosaceous, warts and various forms of skin cancer. They use the latest research to conquer acute or chronic diseases that can be life-altering. All dermatologists are trained in surgical procedures, but some choose to specialize in surgery, often using leading-edge techniques invented and perfected by their fellow dermatologists. Course also provides knowledge of cosmetic dermatology procedures using the latest techniques and state of the art equipment.
M.D. Radiodiagnosis or Doctor of Medicine in Radiodiagnosis is a postgraduate Radiography course. Radiodiagnosis is a medical science branch focuses on the use of radiation, ultrasound and magnetic resonance in medicinal practices. It relates to anatomy, pathology, physiology and interventional procedure. Course deals with allergic contrast reactions & be aware of resuscitation methods and helps to acquired good Basic knowledge in the various sub-specialties of radiology such as Neuro-radiology, GI-radiology, Uro-radiology, Vascular-radiology, Musculoskeletal, Interventional radiology, Emergency radiology, Pediatric radiology and Mammography. The course is an important one that opens many career scopes for them after its completion.
M.D. Anaesthesia or Doctor of Medicine in Anaesthesia is a postgraduate Anaesthesia course. Anaesthesiology focuses on utilization of drugs that minimize pain by causing insensibility. Under this degree, students learn about areas such as ambulatory anesthesia, cardiothoracic anesthesiology, pediatric anesthesiology, neuroanesthesia, obstetrical anesthesiology and pain management. Anesthesia controls pain during surgery or other medical procedures. It includes using medicines, and sometimes closes monitoring, to keep you comfortable. It can also help control breathing, blood pressure, blood flow, and heart rate and rhythm, when needed. Some of the types of Anasthesia are local anesthesia, regional anesthesia and general anesthesia. The duration of the course is two years and it is an important and job orienting in nature.
M.D. General Medicine or Doctor of Medicine in General Medicine is a postgraduate Medicine Course. General Medicine is the medical specialty dealing with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of adult diseases. Individuals while pursuing this course acquire in-depth knowledge about the field of medical science through experimentation, observation, theoretical knowledge and practical exposure. The duration of the course two years and it may be three years as per their rules and regulations.
M.D. Paediatrics or Doctor of Medicine in Paediatrics is a postgraduate Paediatrics course. Paediatrics is the branch of medicine that deals with the medical care of infants, children, and adolescents. The course provides medical and para-medical education to the students to ensure overall development of theoretical and practical skills. The duration of the course is three years and it may be more or less than as per the rules and regulations of different institutions. The course is an important and valuable one that opens many scopes after its completion.
A psychiatrist is a physician who specializes in psychiatry, the branch of medicine devoted to the diagnosis, prevention, study, and treatment of mental disorders. Psychiatrists are medical doctors, unlike psychologists, and must evaluate patients to determine whether their symptoms are the result of a physical illness, a combination of physical and mental ailments, or strictly psychiatric.
As part of the clinical assessment process, psychiatrists may employ a mental status examination; a physical examination; brain imaging such as a computerized tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or positron emission tomography (PET) scan; and blood testing. Psychiatrists prescribe medicine, and may also use psychotherapy, although the vast majority do medical management and refer to a psychologist or other specialized therapist for weekly to bi-monthly psychotherapy.
M.S. Otolaryngology or Master of Surgery in Otolaryngology is a postgraduate Surgery course. Otolaryngology (sometimes called ENT or otorhinolaryngology) is a branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of the ears, nose, throat, head, and neck disorders. It is a type of surgery, and practitioners are considered surgeons. otolaryngologist diagnoses and provides medical and or surgical therapy or prevention of diseases, allergies, neoplasms, deformities, disorders and or injuries of the ears, nose, sinuses, throat, respiratory and upper alimentary systems, face, jaws, and the other head and neck systems. Head and neck oncology, facial plastic and reconstructive surgery, and the treatment of disorders of hearing and voice are fundamental areas of expertise.
Physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R), also known as physiatry, is a branch of medicine that aims to enhance and restore functional ability and quality of life to those with physical impairments or disabilities. A physician having completed training in this field may be referred to as a physiatrist. Physiatrists specialize in restoring optimal function to people with injuries to the muscles, bones, ligaments, or nervous system
Emergency medicinealso known as accident and emergency medicine, is the medical specialty concerned with caring for undifferentiated, unscheduled patients with illnesses or injuries requiring immediate medical attention. In their role as first-line providers, emergency physicians are responsible for initiating resuscitation and stabilization, starting investigations and interventions to diagnose and treat illnesses in the acute phase, coordinating care with specialists, and determining disposition regarding patients' need for hospital admission, observation, or discharge. Emergency physicians generally practice in hospital emergency departments, pre-hospital settings via emergency medical services, and intensive care units, but may also work in primary care settings such as urgent care clinics.
Transfusion medicine (or transfusiology) is the branch of medicine that is concerned with transfusion of blood and blood components. It encompasses issues of blood donation, immunohematology and other laboratory testing, transfusion practices, therapeutic apheresis, stem cell collections, cellular therapy, and coagulation. Laboratory management and understanding of state and federal regulations related to blood products are also a large part of the field.
An anesthesiologist or anaesthetist is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine..The title of the role varies between countries. In countries following the practice of North America, those specialising in the field are termed anesthesiologists, but in the United Kingdom and current or former member countries of the Commonwealth of Nations, such physicians use the title anaesthetist instead (in North America, "anesthetist" would refer to a non-physician who is involved in the provision of anesthesia).
M.S. General Surgery or Master of Surgery in General Surgery is a postgraduate Surgery course. Surgery is a branch of medical science that treats disease or injury by operative procedures. General Surgery is a sub field of Surgery which deals with surgical treatment of abdominal organs, e.g. intestines inclusive oesophagus, stomach, colon, liver and furthermore of the thyroid gland and hernia. Though the course has been termed as ‘General Surgery’, it is not as much a General as one would expect as it involves surgical procedure involving including appendicitis, hernias, gallbladder surgeries, stomach and intestinal issues. As it mostly involves the skill and ability to care for many different surgical problems, it is often referred as ‘Jacks of all Trades’ amongst the medical community. The duration of Masters in General Surgery Course is 3 years, imparted in 6 Semesters, including the period of examination. If a student has completed a recognised Two Year Postgraduate Diploma Course in the same subject, the period of training, including the period of examination, shall be 2 years. The candidates must qualify in the Examinations within 5 Years of the date of his/her admission. However, a candidate may be permitted to undergo a further period of study and training of minimum 6 months duration in a recognised Post-Graduate Department in the speciality of an Institution approved by Medical Council of India for every subsequent appearance up to a maximum of 2 Appearances.
MS in ENT is a 3- year postgraduate course in medicine pursued upon completion of MBBS with a 1-year internship.
Otolaryngology or ENT (ear, nose and throat) is a division of medicine which involves the diagnosis and treatment of ear, nose and throat disorders. Subjects studied as part of this course are Anatomy and Physiology of the ear, nose, and throat, Pathophysiology of common disorders of the ear, nose and throat, and research-based evidence generation.
M.S. Orthopaedics or Master of Surgery in Orthopaedics is a postgraduate Orthopaedics course. Orthopaedics is the branch of surgery concerned with acute, chronic, traumatic, and overuse injuries and other disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Orthopaedic surgeons address most musculoskeletal ailments including arthritis, trauma and congenital deformities using both surgical and non-surgical means. Orthopaedics covers that how to diagnose and treat diseases related to bones and joints such as all kinds of cervical spondylosis, bone tumour, spinal cord injury, rheumatoid arthritis, congenital diseases related to bones and joints, complex limb fractures and fractures that do not get healed. The course is career orienting in nature that provides many jobs after its completion in many fields.